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 Overview of the U.S. Natural Gas Industry 


  • Due to its affordability, cleanliness, efficiency and reliability, the demand for natural gas is growing at a steady rate. In fact, natural gas consumption may increase 6 percent by 2015, according to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts.
  • Most of the growth in natural gas demand comes from electricity generators, who have turned to natural gas because it is the cleanest-burning fossil fuel and highly efficient.
  • Natural gas supplies nearly one-fourth (22 percent) of all of the energy

Customers (69+ million)

Number of Customers Percentage of Total U.S. Natural Gas Consumption

Residential 61 percent of all U.S.
households use natural gas. Of all heated U.S. households:

  • 51% heat with natural gas
  • 33% heat with electricity
  • 8% heat with fuel oil
  • 6% heat with propane
64,400,000 23%
Commercial (restaurants, retailers, hotels, schools, churches, offices, etc.) 5,275,000 14%
Industrial (incl. manufacturing) 200,000 32%
Electric Power Generation (incl. electric utilities, independent power producers, and industrial electricity sold back to the grid) 2,600 31%

Delivery System

  • Natural gas is delivered to customers through a safe, 2.3-million mile underground pipeline system. This includes 1.9 million miles of local utility distribution pipes; and 300,000 miles of transmission lines.


  • Natural gas is a domestic energy source. In 2007, 82 percent of the natural gas consumed in the United States was produced in the U.S. The remaining 14 percent came from Canada, with 4 percent imported as liquefied natural gas (LNG).
  • U.S. natural gas resources are estimated to be 1.525 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) – enough to last more than 80 years at current production rates.

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